Research

The Beauty Industry is thriving and growing.

$50.5 B

generated in annual sales

1.2 M

salon-industry establishments

1.1 M

employment opportunities

Common sense licensing standards are crucial to growing our industry and protecting public safety.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a 10% jump in career opportunities for Barbers, Hair Stylists, and Cosmetologist between 2014 and 2024.

The state-level estimated time to obtain a cosmetology license ranges from 9 months or 1,000 hours to 16 months or 2,300 hours.

The current licensure model doesn’t allow people the flexibility to practice their trade from state to state or keep up with the new economy, creating unnecessary barriers to entry into the profession.

Upon graduation, our students face excessive student loan debt and red tape that prevents them from quickly entering the workforce.

The Future of the Beauty Industry Coalition has sponsored independent third-party research to study student financial issues and cosmetology licensure reforms, and gain insights into the key performance metrics of programs in states with varying hours required for cosmetology licensing.

What We Know

LICENSURE IS IMPORTANT TO PUBLIC SAFETY.

94% of Americans say they support the licensing of beauty professionals.

88% of Americans say that requiring a license protect the public either “a lot” or “some."

54% believe that state licensing helps protect the public “a lot.”

IMPACT OF CURRICULUM HOURS ON STUDENT PERFORMANCE

Longer programs create greater risk for students.

  • The more time that lapses between graduation and licensing, the  more likely graduates are to drop out or “go underground.”*

Graduation rates are not improved or affected by more curriculum hours.

  • Although there is variability in graduation rates across states, there  is no evidence of a relationship between curriculum hours and  graduation rates.*

More licensing hour requirements do not lead to increased exam passing rates.

  • There is no relationship between the total number of curriculum hours and overall exam pass rates.*

IMPACT OF CURRICULUM HOURS ON FINANCIAL STABILITY

Longer programs lead to higher student loan debt.

  • There is a significant relationship between curriculum hours  and the median federal loan amount necessary to fulfill a licensure program.*

School financial viability is not related to the length of  the programs. Data shows no correlation between school financial viability and the length of the programs.

  • School systems that operate in multiple states confirm that they are  expanding more rapidly in low-hour states.

Alarming rise in school closings.

  • Marinello and Regency Cosmetology Schools recently closed, citing government regulations and increased scrutiny of industry programs.

IMPACT OF CURRICULUM HOURS ON THE INDUSTRY’S TALENT PIPELINE

States requiring more licensure hours have lower employment rates.

  • There is a negative relationship between curriculum hours and  employment rates. States with a higher number of total curriculum hours tend to have lower employment rates.*

More curriculum hours do not lead to better wages.

  • While there is variability in mean hourly wage across states, there is no evidence showing that more curriculum hours lead to higher wages.*

Cosmetology school graduates and beauty professionals overwhelmingly desire license mobility.